Bosnia and Herzegovina is a compound state, which in line with the General Framework Agreement for Peace in BiH, consists of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (51% of territory) and the Republika Srpska (49% of territory). Brcko, which was a subject of disputes and international arbitrage, was proclaimed a district. Thus, Bosnia and Herzegovina has two entities and Brcko District.
The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republic of Srpska are entities having their own constitutions, which have to be in conformity with the Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina entity administratively divided into ten cantons which are further divided into 76 municipalities and cities.The legislative power is exercised by the Parliament of the Federation of BiH, composed of Representatives / House of Representatives and House of Peoples. Also, each of the 10 cantons has its own cantonal parliament. Executive power is exercised by the President of the Federation of BiH and two vice presidents, as well as the Government of the Federation of BiH consists of 16 ministries. Cantons have the Prime Minister and the government of the canton composed of 12 ministries.
Republic of Srpska
Republic of Serbian entity is administratively divided into 62 municipalities and cities.Legislative power in the Republic of Serbian by the National Assembly and the House of Peoples. Executive power is exercised by the President of the Republic of Srpska, two vice presidents and the Government of the Republic of Srpska composed of 16 ministries.
Brcko District is an administrative unit of Bosnia and Herzegovina with its own management, which formally belongs to both of entities. The District is located in northeastern Bosnia. The District is still under international administration. The seat of the District is the town of Brcko.Brcko District has its own parliament, government, judiciary and police.