ENGLISH

Types of companies in BiH

The Company Law of the Federation of B&H (Official Gazette of FBiH No. 81/15) and the Company Law of Republic of Srpska (Official Gazette of RS No. 127/08, 58/09,100/11 and 67/13) regulate the establishment, operation and termination of businesses in BiH.
 

Type of company Federation of B&H Republic of Srpska
Unlimited Joint Liability Company (d.n.o. / o.d) Founded by the establishment contract of two or more partners, domestic or foreign, natural persons only. Founders are liable to use all their assets, including personal property. There are no requirements for minimum or maximum contributions; Founded by the establishment act of two or more domestic/foreign natural and/or legal partners who commit to do certain activity under the same company name, with their own unlimited solidary liability for company commitments. There are no requirements for minimum or maximum contributions;
Limited Liability Company (d.o.o.) Founded by the establishment act or establishment contact by one or more domestic/foreign natural and/or legal entities with initial capital divided in a parts. A member in a limited company is liable for the value of his investment in that company. Minimum initial capital is 1,000 BAM (approx. 500 EUR); Founded by the establishment act of one to hundred domestic/foreign natural and/or legal entities.  Shareholder in a limited company is not personally liable for any of the debts of the company, other than for the value of his investment in that company. Minimum initial capital is 1 BAM (approx. 0,5 EUR);
Limited Partnership (k.d.) Company founded by the establishment contract of two or more domestic/foreign natural and/or legal entities. There must be at least 1 partner with full liability (including private property) and at least 1 partner with limited liability, the liability being limited by the value of his share in that company. There are no requirements for minimum or maximum initial capital; Founded of two or more domestic/foreign natural and/or legal entities by the establishment act; one person at least has unlimited liability for the company, and one person at least has liability to the amount of his/her investment in the company. There are no requirements for minimum or maximum initial capital;
Joint-Stock Company (d.d. /a.d.) Legal entities founded by the establishment contract of one or more domestic/foreign natural or legal shareholders with initial capital divided into shares. 1. Open joint-stock company is a legal entity (banks and insurance companies or company with minimum initial capital of 4,000,000 BAM i.e. 2,000,000 EUR, and 40 shareholders at least) whose shares may be publicly listed. 2. Closed joint-stock company is a legal entity, whose shares are distributed among a limited number of shareholders. The minimum initial capital is 50,000 BAM (25,000 EUR). Legal entity founded by the establishment act of one or more domestic/foreign natural and/or legal entities with initial capital divided into a defined number of shares. 1. Open joint-stock company is a legal entity, whose shares may be publicly traded i.e. offers its shares for sale upon the open market and they are listed on the stock exchanges and other public markets. The minimum initial capital is 50,000 BAM (25,000 EUR); 2. Closed joint-stock company is a legal entity, whose shares are distributed among a limited number of shareholders. The minimum initial capital is 20,000 BAM (10,000 EUR).