ENGLISH
Official name:
Bosnia and Herzegovina (most commonly abbreviated as BiH)
Capital city:
Sarajevo (population 500.000)
Other major cities:
Banja Luka, Bihać, Mostar,Tuzla, Zenica
Geographic location:
South Eastern Europe, borders with Croatia (932km), Serbia (312km) and Montenegro (215km)
Area:
51.209 km2
Population:
3.8 million
Religions:
Muslim (44%), Orthodox Christian (32%), Roman Catholic (17%), Others (7%)
Ethnic groups:
Bosniaks, Serbs, Croats and others
Languages:
Bosnian, Serbian, Croatian (all official)
Administrative organization:
Two entities (Federation of BiH and Republika Srpska) and Brcko District of BiH
Government Structure:
BiH is a parliamentary democracy with a bicameral parliament (House of Representatives and House of Peoples), a three-member rotating presidency, a Council of Ministers, and Constitutional Court
GDP:
14.6 billion EUR EUR (2015)
GDP per capita:
3 821 EUR (2015)
Currency:
Konvertibilna Marka (BAM-official; KM-common use)
Exchange rate:
1 EUR = KM 1.95 (fixed exchange rate)
Landforms:
A very hilly country with the Dinaric mountains dominating the landscape. The highest point, mountain Maglic, rises to 2,387m. Thick forests cover almost 50% of the land. In the north, along the Sava River valley, a hilly, fertile plain stretches east to west. The country has 23 km of coastline in the southwest of the country, providing access to the Adriatic Sea.
Climate:
Winters can be very cold with a lot of snow, especially in the hills and mountains. Summers are generally warm and comfortable.
Latitude/longitude:
44 N, 18 E
Time zone:
CET (GMT + 1 hour)
Internet domain:
.ba
Int. telephone code:
+387